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EXCERPTS FROM THE KORAN
Miscellaneous Texts From The Koran
Concerning Jews & Christians
Al-Baqara (The Cow)  (Arabic) -Recite   2:62 Those who believe (in the Qur'an), and those
who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in
Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their   reward with their Lord;
on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.  
     Al-Baqara (The Cow)    (Arabic) -Recite   2:111 And they say: "None shall enter
Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian."
Those are their (vain) desires. Say: "Produce your proof if ye are truthful."  
     Al-Baqara (The Cow)    (Arabic) -Recite   2:113 The Jews say: "The Christians have
naught (to stand) upon; and the Christians say: "The Jews have naught (To stand) upon."
Yet they (Profess to) study the (same) Book. Like unto their word is what those say who
know not; but Allah will judge between them in their quarrel on the Day of Judgment.  
     Al-Baqara (The Cow)    (Arabic) -Recite   2:120 Never will the Jews or the Christians be
satisfied with thee unless thou follow their form of religion. Say: "The Guidance of
Allah,-that is the (only) Guidance." Wert thou to follow their desires after the knowledge
which hath reached thee, then wouldst thou find neither Protector nor helper against
Allah.  
     Al-Baqara (The Cow)    (Arabic) -Recite   2:135 They say: "Become Jews or Christians
if ye would be guided (To salvation)."
Say thou: "Nay! (I would rather) the Religion of Abraham the True, and he joined not gods
with Allah."  
     Al-Baqara (The Cow)    (Arabic) -Recite   2:140 Or do ye say that Abraham, Isma'il
Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do ye know better than Allah.
Ah! who is more unjust than those who conceal the testimony they have from Allah. but  
Allah is not unmindful of what ye do!  
     Al-Imran (The Family of Imran)   (Arabic) -Recite   3:67 Abraham was not a Jew nor yet
a Christian; but he was true in Faith, and bowed his will to Allah's (Which is Islam), and he
joined not gods with Allah.  
     Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)    (Arabic) -Recite   5:14 From those, too, who call
themselves Christians, We did take a covenant, but they forgot a good part of the
message that was sent them: so we estranged them, with enmity and hatred between the
one and the other, to the day of judgment. And soon will Allah show them what it is they
have done.  
     Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)    (Arabic) -Recite   5:18 (Both) the Jews and the
Christians say: "We are sons of Allah, and his beloved." Say: "Why then doth He punish
you for your sins? Nay, ye are but men,- of the men he hath created: He forgiveth whom He
pleaseth, and He punisheth whom He pleaseth: and to Allah belongeth the dominion of the
heavens and the earth, and all that is between: and unto Him is the final goal (of all)"  
     Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)    (Arabic) -Recite   5:51 O ye who believe! take not the
Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors: They are but friends and
protectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship) is of them.
Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.  
     Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)    (Arabic) -Recite   5:69 Those who believe (in the
Qur'an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,- any
who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness,- on them shall be no fear,
nor shall they grieve.  
Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)  (Arabic)   -Recite 5:82 Strongest among men in enmity to
the believers wilt thou find the Jews and Pagans; and nearest among them in love to the
believers wilt thou find those who say, "We are Christians": because amongst these are
men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not
arrogant.  
     At-Tauba (The Repentance)    (Arabic)   -Recite   9:30 The Jews call 'Uzair a son of
Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in
this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them:
how they are deluded away from the Truth!  
     The Pilgrimage   (Arabic) -Recite   22:17 Those who believe (in the Qur'an), those who
follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians, Christians, Magians, and Polytheists,-
Allah will judge between them on the Day of Judgment: for Allah is witness of all things.

At-Tauba (The Repentance)    (Arabic) -Recite

9:5 But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye
find them, an seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of
war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practise regular charity, then
open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

EXCERPT FROM CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA (CE)

Meaning of The Noble Quran
9:5 Then when the Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islâmic
calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikûn
(see V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and prepare
for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salât  
Iqâmat-as-Salât), and givZakât, then leave their way free. Verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving,
Most Mercif[]  
2:105Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture (Jews and
Christians) nor Al-Mushrikûn  (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, idolaters,
polytheists, pagans, etc.) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your
Lord. But Allâh
chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty.
Mushrikûn : Polytheists, pagans, idolaters and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and
His Messenger Muhammad saw
(CE) Sura 9 treats of the campaign to Tebuk (A. H.. 9). It opens with the "release"
promulgated at the pilgrimage of the same year and declares the antagonism of Islam    to
all other religions. All bMuslims  are excluded from Mecca and the rites of pilgrimage.
Idolaters
are threatened with slaughter and slavery. War is declared against Jews and Christians
until they are humbled and pay tribute. This aura is called "the crusade chapter", and in
the early campaigns was often read on the field before battle. (CE)

Isra', The Night Journey, Children Of Israe  (Arabic) -Recite 17:40 Has then your Lord (O
Pagans!) preferred for you sons, and taken for Himself daughters among the angels?
Truly ye utter a most dreadful saying!


9:38] O ye who believe! what is the matter with you, that, when ye are asked to go forth in
the Cause of Allah, ye cling heavily to the earth? Do ye prefer the life of this world to the
Hereafter? But little is the comfort of this life, as compared with the Hereafter.

[39] Unless ye go forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty, and put others in your
place; but Him ye would not harm in the least.
For Allah hath power over all things.

[9.63] Do they not know that whoever acts in opposition to Allah and His Apostle, he shall
surely have the fire of hell to abide in it? That is the grievous abasement.

Sura 57: injunctions to fight and contribute towards the expenses of war. The disaffected
are warned. Christians are mentioned in kindly terms.


CONTINUED EXCERPT FROM CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
Last Period (suras revealed at Medina)       
This period includes the following suras:

             Sura 98: on good and bad Jews and Christians.

             Sura 2, the longest in the Koran, is called the "Sura of the Cow" from the red
heifer described in verse 67 as having been sacrificed by the Israelites at the direction of
Moses. It is a collection of passages on various subjects, delivered during the first
two or three years after the Flight. The greater portion relates to the Jews, who are
sometimes exhorted and sometimes reprobated.
Biblical and rabbinical stories abound. This sura contains the order to change the Qibla
(or direction at prayer) a denunciation of the disaffected, citizens of Medina, injunctions to
fight, permission to bear arms in the sacred months and much matter of a legislative
character promulgated on first reaching Medina, with passages of a later date interpolated.
             Sura 3 belongs partly to the time immediately after the Battle of Behr. The Jews
are referred to in terms of hostility. The interview with Christian deputation from Najran
(verses 57-63) is of a later date. Passages pertaining to the farewell pilgrimage are
introduced with other (probably) earlier texts on the rites of pilgrimage.
             Sura 8 contains instructions on the division of spoil at Bedr. Some parts are in the
old Meccan style and the Koreish are frequently referred to. In sura 47 war and slaughter
are enjoined, and idolaters of Mecca threatened. In sura 62 the Jews are denounced for
their ignorance; the Friday service is to take precedence of secular engagements. In sura
5 the Jews are reviled; the doctrines of the Christians are controverted; it contains also
civil ordinances and miscellaneous instructions.
             Sura 59, on the siege and expulsion of the Banu Nadhir.
             Sura 4 entitled "women", from the large portion devoted to the treatment of wives
and relation of sexes. There are also ordinances on the law of inheritance and general
precepts, social and political. Idolatrous Meccans are to be shunned, and there are  
animadversions against the Jews. The "disaffected" are blamed for taking the part of the
Jews.
             Sura 65: on divorce and kindred subjects, with some religious observations.
             Sura 63: menances against 'Abdallah ibn Obey for his treasonable language on
the expedition against the Banu Mustalick.
             Sura 24: vindication of 'Ayisha, with the law of evidence for conjugal
unfaithfulness, and miscellaneous precepts.
             Sura 33, composed of portions covering the year A. H. 5. The marriage of the
Prophet with Zeinab, wife of his adopted
son, is sanctioned. There are various passages on the conjugal relations of  
Mohammed      , the siege of Medina, and the fall of the Banu Qoreitza.
             Sura 57: injunctions to fight and contribute towards the expenses of war. The
disaffected are warned. Christians are mentioned in kindly terms.
             Sura 61: on war; speedy victory is promised. -- The remaining auras belong
exclusively to the last five years of the Prophet's life.
             Sura 48 refers to the truce of Hodeibia, and the prospect of victory and spoil to
be obtained elsewhere.
             Sura 60: on the treatment of the women who, after the truce, came over from
Mecca; idolaters of Mecca to be shunned.
             Sura 66: on the affair Mohammed       and the Coptic maid.  
             Sura 49: blaming the profession of the Bedouin Arabs as insincere, chiding the
deputation which called out rudely at Mohammed's door, and exhorting believers against
distrust and uncharitableness among themselves.  
             Sura 9 treats of the campaign to Tebuk (A. H.. 9). It opens with the "release"
promulgated at the pilgrimage of the same year and declares the antagonism of  Islam  to
all other religions. All butMuslims  are excluded from Mecca and the rites of pilgrimage.
Idolaters are threatened with slaughter and slavery. War is declared against Jews and
Christians until they are humbled and pay tribute.
This aura is called "the crusade chapter", and in the early campaigns was often read on
the field before battle.
[9.30] And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah; and the Christians say: The Messiah is
the son of Allah; these are the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who
disbelieved before; may Allah destroy them; how they are turned away!


[5.51] O you who believe! do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends; they are
friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is
one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people.
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